The Moon

Blessed is He Who made constellations in the skies, and placed therein a Lamp (Siraj) and a Moon giving light (Muneer) (25:61)

“(Allah) appointed the night for rest and the sun and the moon for reckoning.”( 6: 96)

The topic on the moon is of significant importance not only to emphasize its effect on weather but also on Muslim lives.Much of what we do as Muslims if correlated with the Moon cycles and as such our kids should have at least an introductory knowledge about it.Here is a concise outline of this week’s lesson:


The Moon

-just as Earth moves around the Sun, Moon also travels around Earth while it spins(29-30 days to complete)

-on the Moon there is no air and nobody lives there

-does not have its own light, it only reflects the light of the Sun, like a mirror. The part of the Moon facing the Sun is lit up, the other is in darkness .


Phases of the Moonmoon cycles

  • sometimes we can see a lot of the Moon, at other times just a little. This is because we see a different part of the Moon as it moves around. As the Moon makes its way around the Earth, we see the bright parts of the Moon’s surface at different angles (positions).These are called phases of the Moon.

We demonstrated how these phases form with the help of a white ball and flashlight, following the instructions found here .





Moon’s effect on weather:

-the water levels of seas and oceans vary when the Moon’s gravity will pull the water towards itself as it travels around the Earth. These variations in water levels are called tides.




The lunar calendar:

-plays a very important role in the lives of Muslims, because the Muslim calendar is based on lunar cycles (the period that Moon travels around earth).

-Islamic calendar is called the Hijra calendar

-each month of the Hijra lunar calendar begins with the sighting of a new moon.The first day of the lunar month is the day after a new crescent is sighted.

-Muslims follow the lunar cycles carefully so they may observe religious duties like Sawm or Hajj

“The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur’an, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong).So whoever of you sight (the crescent of the first night of) the month (of Ramadan i.e. is present at his home), he must observe Sawm (fast) that month, and whoever is ill or on journey, then an equal number of other days(must be made up)…… ”(Qur’an 2:185)

 To see our previous lunar calendar lesson and craft click here .

To put the revolution of the moon as well as of Earth in perspective,we used the home made model (see top of page) and also had a craft session, using this template, to make 2D models.Following the instructions, the kids coloured each part then connected them with brad pins.

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